Traditional Mexican dishes include quesadillas and enchiladas. Aztec and Mayan influences are prevalent in the entrees of Mexico.
Asked in Mexico, Mexican Food
What kinds of food are found and eaten in Mexico?
Due to globalization, cuisine from many countries can be found in larger cities of Mexico, including Chinese, Japanese, French and especially Italian food. The popularity of pizza and sushi have increased greatly during the past few years. American fast food chains like KFC, McDonald's and Burger King have also gained in popularity. However, Mexico is a country with a rather large cuisine history: each state and region within Mexico has a traditional food for which huge encyclopedias can be found. In fact, traditional Mexican cuisine has been declared an intangible cultural heritage of humanity by UNESCO since 2010; a recognition not even French cuisine has ever achieved. Following are some examples from each region or state within Mexico: Nuevo Leon: Large-sized corn tortillas called sobaqueras (more than 25 inches in diameter) to eat beef meat, such as the arrachera. Also, much of the Tex-Mex food originated from Nuevo Leon, such as fajitas and burritos. Tamaulipas: Northern coastal state home of the carne a la tampique?a: large grilled meat steaks accompanied by a portion of guacamole, black beans and rice. Puebla: Origin of mole poblano, which can be defined as a very thick, homogeneous sauce with complex flavors; it usually includes several varieties of chili peppers, tomatoes, almonds, nuts, raisins, sesame seeds, cloves, cinnamon, parsley, pepper, onion and garlic. The most common way to consume mole is with chicken, though any kind of meat may be served with mole sauce. Another preparation, common in restaurants, is enchiladas, or corn tortillas wrapped around chicken, cheese or some other simple filling, baked in mole sauce. Yucatan: Where the cochinita pibil was invented. A preparation of traditional cochinita involves marinating pork meat in strongly acidic citrus juice, coloring it with annatto seed, and roasting the meat while it is wrapped in a banana leaf. Another dish from this region is the sopa de lima, which is a chicken soup with a hint of citrus from lime, accompanied with chicken, tomato, bell pepper, cilantro, and some tortilla chips. South-Central Mexico: It is the region where pozole (from Nahuatl pozolli) was first created by the Aztec people. When Spain conquered Mexico, some ingredients like the meat changed, but it has kept most of the original recipe: a beef, pork or chicken soup with corn, avocado and some spices. Also tacos de guisado (corn or wheat tortillas wrapped around a meat stew) are from this region. It is worth noting tacos served on food chains outside of Mexico have nothing to do with the original dish. The torta or Mexican sandwich is a kind of baguette known as bolillo, which has several fillings, including ham, chicken, sausages, avocado, tomato slices, mayonnaise, onion and cheese. Jalisco: The regional dish most known for this state is the birria, which is a meat stew, made of mutton, goat or lamb, and it is often served with corn tortillas, onion, cilantro and lime. However, the most popular dish is the torta ahogada, made with a crispy bolillo known as birote, filled with chopped, fried pork; it is then submerged in a sauce made of chili pepper and/or tomato. There are also many garnish or entree foods from Mexico, including guacamole, nopal salad and hot sauces like pico de gallo (tomato, onion, cilantro), green sauce (made from green tomato) and red sauce (made from chile pepper). Also, there are very unusual foods, even for Mexicans: huitlacoche (corn smut) is a delicacy in Mexico, and is even being preserved and sold for a higher price than corn; escamoles, which are ant larvae, are eaten with corn tortillas. Chapulines (grasshoppers), are toasted, salted and eaten as a snack on some coastal states like Oaxaca. Regarding desserts, Mexico has a huge variety of them: cacao has been cultivated in Mexico for at least three millennia. When mixed with sugar, chocolate (Aztec: xocolatl, Maya: chocolha) is elaborated. Crystallized fruit is also common, and many traditional Mexican candies such as cocadas (made of milk and coconut), mueganos (popcorn with caramelized sugar) and alegrias (candies made of amaranth seed and bee honey) are popular.
Asked in Food & Cooking, Mexican Food
When were tacos first made?
In northern Mexico and much of the United States, tortilla means the flour version. Flour tortillas are the foundation of Mexican border cooking and a relatively recent import. Their popularity was driven by the low cost of inferior grades of flour provided to border markets and by their ability to keep and ship well. 3000 B.C. - Excavations in the valley of "Valle de Tehuacán", in the state of Puebla, revealed the use, for more than seven thousand years, of the basic cereal by excellence of the Mesoamerican diet, a little wild cob that along with roots and fruit was a complement for hunting. According to Agustín Gaytán, chef and Mexican cuisine historian, in a Greeley Tribune newspaper article: Sometime about 3000 B.C., people of the Sierra Madre mountains in Mexico hybridized wild grasses to produce large, nutritious kernels we know as corn. Mexican anthropologist and maize historian Arturo Warman credits the development of corn with the rise of Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Mayans and the Aztecs, which were advanced in art, architecture, math and astronomy. The significance of corn was not lost on indigenous cultures that viewed it as a foundation of humanity. It is revered as the seed of life. According to legend, human beings were made of corn by the Gods." By the time Spaniards reached the shores of what is now Mexico in the 1400s, indigenous Mesoamericans had a sophisticated and flavorful cuisine based on native fruits, game, cultivated beans and corn and domesticated turkeys. 1519 - When Hernán Cortés (1485-1547), also known as Hernando Cortez, and his conquistadores arrived in the New World on April 22, 1519, they discovered that the inhabitants (Aztecs Mexicas) made flat corn breads. The native Nahuatl name for these was tlaxcalli. The Spanish gave them the name tortilla. In Cortés' 1920 second letter to King Charles V of Spain, he describes the public markets and the selling of maize or Indian corn: This city has many public squares, in which are situated the markets and other places for buying and selling. . . where are daily assembled more than sixty thousand souls, engaged in buying and selling; and where are found all kinds of merchandise that the world affords, embracing the necessaries of life, as for instance articles of food. . . maize or Indian corn, in the grain and in the form of bread, preferred in the grain for its flavor to that of the other islands and terra-firma. 1529 - In the monumental manuscript books, General History of the Things of New Spain (Historia general de las cosas de Nueva Espana), by the Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagun (1450-1590), it is known that the Aztec diet was based on corn and tortillas, tamales and plenty of chilies in many varieties. Considered one of the fathers of culinary history. He compiled and translated testimonies of his culinary informants from the native language Nahuatl into Spanish. His work is the most complete record of Aztec foods and eating habits. Sahagun was sent to New Spain (Mexico) to compile, in the Aztec language, a compendium of all things relating to the native history and custom that might be useful in the labor of Christianizing the Indians. The work thus undertaken occupied some seven years, in collaboration with the best native authorities, and was expanded into a history and description of the Aztec people and civilization in twelve manuscript books, together with a grammar (Arte) and dictionary of the language. 1940s - In the 1940s and '50s, one of the first widespread uses of small scale gas engines and electric motors was to power wet grain grinders for making masa. A hand press or hand patting were used to form the masa into tortillas. 1960s - Early tortillas took hours to make but by the 1960s, small-scale tortilla-making machines could churn out hot, steaming tortillas every two seconds. 1520 -Bernal Diaz del Castillo (1496-1584), a Spanish soldier who came with Hernán Cortés to the New World, wrote an intriguing and detailed chronicles called A True History of the Conquest of New Spain. He also chronicled the lavish feasts that were held. From the article by Sophie Avernin called Tackling the taco: A guide to the art of taco eating: The first "taco bash" in the history of New Spain was documented by none other than Bernal Diaz del Castillo. Hernan Cortes organized this memorable banquet in Coyoacan for his captains, with pigs brought all the way from Cuba. It would, however, be a mistake to think that Cortes invented the taco, since anthropologists have discovered evidence that inhabitants of the lake region of the Valley of Mexico ate tacos filled with small fish, such as acosiles and charales. The fish were replaced by small live insects and ants in the states of Morelos and Guerrero, while locusts and snails were favorite fillings in Puebla and Oaxaca. 1914 - The first-known English-language taco recipes appeared in California cookbooks beginning in 1914. Bertha Haffner-Ginger, in her cookbook California Mexican-Spanish Cook Book said tacos were: "made by putting chopped cooked beef and chili sauce in a tortilla made of meal and flour; folded, edges sealed together with egg; fried in deep fat, Chile sauce served over it." 1929 - Pauline Wiley-Kleemann in here cookbook Ramona's Spanish-Mexican Cookery, featured six taco and tacquito recipes. These included recipes for Gorditos that came from Santa Nita or Xochimilco, Pork Tacos composed of snout, ears, jowls, kidneys, and liver, Cream Cheese Tacos, Egg Tacos, Mexican Tacos, and Tacquitos Taqueria or taco trucks are found throught the West and Southwest of the United States. There are two kinds of taco trucks; traveling trucks that cruise around neighborhoods and business areas, and non-cruising trucks parked permanently in lots.
Asked in Cooking Techniques, Mexican Food, Guacamole
How can you tone down spicy guacamole?
How many Weight Watchers points are in a pork tamale?
Asked in Fast Food, Mexican Food
What are chalupas?
Charupas are tostada platters in Mexican cuisine. It is a specialty of south-central Mexico, such as the states of Puebla, Guerrero and Oaxaca. It is made by pressing a thin layer of masa dough around the outside of a small mold and deep frying to produce a crisp shallow corn cup. It is filled with various ingredients such as shredded chicken, pork, chopped onion, chipotle pepper, red salsa, and green salsa. An Americanized form is sold in Taco Bell restaurants. This version, made with deep-fried wheat flatbread, filled with ground meat and topped with cheese, lettuce, sour cream and salsa resembles American tacos. Edgar Dsouza Goa
Asked in Mexican Food
When do Mexicans eat nachos?
well ithink mexicans dont eat nachos because they dont originate from mexico cause nachos are made with chedder cheese and mexicans dont have chedder cheese look maybe they eat it but i dont think it originates from mexico but it is eaten and its eaten on das like independance day because that is a celeration so there fore they eat nachos on celebrations
Asked in Mexican Food
What is the origin of a Mexican dish called Tinga or Tostadas de Tinga?
Origin uncertain. A great appetizer at all times and a most popular treat in Mexico's Cinco de Mayo celebrations. Tinga is made with shredded chicken and onions simmered in a thick chipotle sauce served on crunchy tostadas (toasts.) It can be prepared with shredded beef or pork instead. Please note that when you add some cotija (crumbly Mexican white cheese), cilantro, avocado and a squirt of lime, you've not only created a delectable dish, but you've also paid homage to the colors of the Mexican flag. Hope this helps!
Asked in Mexico, Mexican Food
What is New Mexican cuisine?
When most people talk about Mexican food in America, they are referring to "Tex-Mex", which is enchiladas, tamales, refried beans, rice - the stuff you get in Mexican restaurants all over. New Mexican cuisine refers to a blend of that sort of food with American Indian, American, French, and whatever else suits. It's typified by fresh ingredients and inventive combinations. An enchilada stuffed with zuccini blossoms and topped with a green Chile sauce made with goat cheese might qualify (I just made that dish up - not saying it's real or good) as New Mexico cuisine. The state has vast Chile fields, and has always been known for a certain flavor and style of food, but in recent times there has been a growth of awareness and and influx of chefs and other food people, particularly in Santa Fe and surroundings. Instead of using "Chile", they might use some certain Chile, or a blend from certain places to get just some certain flavors, or put unique things inside tamales, or make special sauces with unique ingredients instead of just "enchilada sauce". The term New Mexico Cuisine really means Mexican food with a gourmet flair to it, ultimately.
Asked in Recipes, Mexican Food, Guacamole
How do you make guacamole?
Making guacamole Guacamole is mainly comprised of avocados. There are countless variations and methods, but a traditional Mexican guacamole is made in a molcajete (mortar and pestle). You can use a bowl and a big spoon. Finely chop a Serrano Chile (more if you like it), a small onion, a Roma tomato, and a generous handful of cilantro. Put that in the bowl. Add two or three peeled avocados and mush it all together. Some prefer a slightly more lumpy consistency, some less. If you leave the pits in it will not turn brown. At this point season with salt and lime juice to taste. Simple guacamole Mash up 2 cups of FRESH avocados. Mix in juice from one lemon. Salt and pepper to taste. Simple and traditional Here's a synthesis of the previous two -- both "authentic" tasting and very quick to make: Mix together an avocado, half a chopped small red onion, a teaspoon each of chili powder, of garlic powder (chopped fresh garlic is better, but this is the quick version!), salt/pepper, and a splash of lime juice (or lemon juice if you don't have lime). Tastes very different after being refrigerated for a day (less "bright" and more rich/intense -- both are good) Authentic guacamole 2 large ripe avocados chopped 1 tomato finely chopped 1-4 oz. can green chilies diced 1/4 cup onion finely chopped 2 tbsp. lime juice 1/2 tsp. garlic powder 1/2 tsp. chili powder 1/4 tsp. cumin Combine ingredients in a bowl. Mash mixture until avocados are slightly mashed. Chill. Serve with tortilla chips. Simpler guacamole Mash 4 avocados salsa sour cream lime juice and salt just mash together and mix. and serve with tortilla and/or corn chips... Guacamole consists of avocados, onions, tomatoes, cilantro, salt and lime juice various other ingredients depending on what type you're looking to make. There are plenty of different kinds of guacamole recipes online
Asked in Recipes, Mexican Food
What is a recipe for hortacha?
OK - I've just come back from Mexico City and the way they make Horchata (I think this is what you mean) there is: Rice water, sugar and cinnamon (the rice water can be bought as a powder from the market or by boiling rice and using the cooled water) The three are mixed together into a cold drink - a bit like a milkshake. Oh - and it's absolutely delicious!
Asked in Mexican Food
What will a teaspoon of vinegar do if your stomach ache after eating Mexican food?
Asked in Pregnancy Health and Safety (Prenatal Care), Mexico, History and Origins of Foods, Mexican Food, Guacamole
Is it safe to eat guacamole when pregnant?
Asked in Judaism, Mexican Food, Kosher Food
Is menudo Mexican soup kosher?
Menudo is made with Tripe. Tripe is a part of the digestive tract, usually of cows or sometimes of swine. That makes it OFFAL (animal guts). If you were able to find kosher cow tripe, you could make kosher menudo. (There is no issue with offal so long as it comes from a kosher animal). I have personally found my own "Menudo Curry" to be extremely cheap to make and even more rewarding to eat. Just don't forget the Coriander! (Do not share with the unappreciative, more for us!)