Asked by Answers Staff in COVID-19
What should I know about coronavirus?
We've compiled frequently asked questions about the novel coronavirus at the center of the current pandemic. Each section includes links to trusted health organizations. First things first: The coronaviruses are a family of viruses whose symptoms can range from the common cold to something more serious and potentially lethal, and a new coronavirus is currently spreading across the planet, affecting the daily lives of many. In December 2019, an outbreak of a new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) occurred in Wuhan, China. It causes a disease called COVID-19, which can lead to death, particularly for the elderly and people with serious chronic medical conditions. There are currently no vaccines or antiviral treatments available. More than 200 countries and territories, including the United States, have confirmed cases of the infection since the initial outbreak, and on March 11, the World Health Organization declared it a pandemic. What are its symptoms? According to the CDC, fever, cough, and shortness of breath are the main symptoms of COVID-19. Additional symptoms may include aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat, diarrhea, and new loss of taste or smell. Severity of the symptoms range from mild to life-threatening—about 1 in 5 people who are infected require hospital care. How do I get tested? If you’ve had contact with someone with COVID-19 or live in a community experiencing an outbreak and develop a fever and other symptoms of the disease, the CDC recommends you call your healthcare provider. Tell them about your symptoms and potential exposure to the virus, and they’ll make a call on whether you should be tested. They'll also help determine the safest way to receive your test. More specific guidelines vary from state to state. NBC News has a handy guide here. It’s especially crucial that you call your medical provider if you’re elderly or have a serious chronic medical condition. Also, if you or a loved one are very sick (e.g., experiencing symptoms like difficulty breathing, persistent chest pain or pressure, confusion, or bluish lips or face), seek medical attention immediately. How does it spread? The CDC and researchers worldwide still have a lot to learn about COVID-19 and how it spreads. According to current knowledge, though, the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 is mainly spread from person to person through respiratory droplets. That means droplets from an infected person’s coughs and sneezes land on other people’s noses or mouths, or they breathe them in, and that infects them, too. It’s also possible that the virus can spread through people touching contaminated objects and then touching their mouth, nose, or eyes. How can we prevent it? According to the CDC, “the best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.” Some steps you can take to limit your exposure to the virus: Regularly wash your hands for 20 seconds or use a hand sanitizer with at least 60 percent alcohol. Pay attention to hand hygiene, especially when you’ve been in a public place and after coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nose. Practice social distancing by increasing the space between you and other people. That means staying home as much as you can, especially if you feel sick. Disinfect frequently touched surfaces (like keyboards, doorknobs, and light switches) every day. Cover coughs and sneezes with the inside of your elbow or a tissue. Throw the tissue away immediately and wash your hands. When you're out in public, wear a cloth facemask (not the kind meant for healthcare workers; see this guide for making your own). How is coronavirus different from the flu? While there are some similarities between the symptoms of COVID-19 and the flu (most notably fever and dry cough) one of the biggest differences is that we know significantly less about COVID-19. But here is what we do know: COVID-19 is more infectious than the flu. The “basic reproduction number,” or R0, of an infection is the average number of people who catch it from a single infected person. The flu has an R0 value of 1.3, while the R0 value of COVID-19 is estimated to be much higher. Right now, COVID-19 seems more likely to kill than the flu. While the exact fatality rate of COVID-19 is not yet known, it appears to be much deadlier than the flu. Influenza has a mortality rate of 0.1 percent, and current estimates of COVID-19’s fatality rate range from 1.4 percent to 3.4 percent. There is currently no vaccine or treatment for COVID-19. Unlike seasonal flu, there is no widely available vaccine to protect against COVID-19 infection. Similarly, there are no antivirals to help to reduce symptoms and shorten the duration of the disease. For more information on this ever-developing COVID-19 pandemic, consult the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s page dedicated to the virus, found here.
Asked by Damaris Breitenberg in Word and Phrase Origins, Coffee
Why is coffee called "joe"?
There's no consensus on how coffee got the nickname "a cup of joe," but there are a bunch of theories, some way more plausible than others. The most likely is that other nicknames for coffee—"java" and "mocha"—got smushed into one word, "jamoke," which got shortened to "joe" over time. The next theory in terms of plausibility is that "joe" has a long history of standing in for the common man, and since coffee came to be the common, everyday beverage, the two were a natural fit. There are other popular theories—like the one claiming "joe" is an homage to Josephus Daniels, who banned alcohol on Navy ships in the early 1900s and thus sparked an uptick in coffee consumption among the crews—but they're not very well proven.
Asked by Angus Mraz in Mexican Food, History and Origins of Foods
Why are they called "refried beans"?
Asked in Pirates of the Caribbean Movies
What is the order of the Pirates of the Caribbean?
The Pirates of the Caribbean movies were released in the following order: Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl (2003) Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest (2006) Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End (2007) Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides (2011) Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Men Tell No Tales (2017) Many people ask if they need to watch the movies in the order they were released, but it’s probably not necessary. The first movie does a good job at establishing and introducing the characters, so it might help to watch that one first; aside from that, however, each one is more of a stand-alone film and doesn’t really build much upon the previous story. That being said, if you plan to watch all five, you may as well go in order.
Asked by Clark Rosenbaum in Lucille Ball, Classic Television
Why is there so much smoking in "I Love Lucy"?
Well, I Love Lucy was literally sponsored by Phillip Morris, a cigarette company. In fact, in the show’s earlier years, Phillip Morris was its only sponsor, and all of that smoking was product placement—and during commercial slots, outright advertisement from Lucy and Desi. I Love Lucy aired in the 1950s, a time when the tide hadn’t quite shifted when it came to attitudes toward smoking. Smoking prevalence only began decreasing in 1964 (seven years after I Love Lucy stopped airing) as the health risks became more apparent to the public. In 1970, cigarette advertisements were banned from radio and television altogether.
Asked in China and Chinese Territories
Are Hallmark cards made in China?
According to Hallmark’s corporate website, the majority of their greeting cards sold in the U.S. are produced in Lawrence, Kansas; in fact, 70 percent of their greeting cards worldwide are produced there. They do state that some cards that require additional handiwork, like the addition of tassels and beads, are made overseas, and at least some of their overseas manufacturing is in China.
Asked by Kieran Crist in Chocolate, Hershey Company
Why is the paper in a Hershey's Kiss called a niggly wiggly?
Asked by Tyrel Wiegand in Star Wars
What's your favorite Star Wars theory?
Asked by Esta McGlynn in Wheel of Fortune, Game Shows
Has anyone ever won $1 million on Wheel of Fortune?
Yes a women won a million dollars when the prize was just started. On October 14, 2008, Michelle Loewenstein became the first and only contestant to win the $1,000,000 prize . Her total winnings were $1,026,080 As the 30th season begins she is still the only Million Dollar Winner as of September 17 2012
Asked by Merlin Ankunding in May Day, Holidays and Traditions
Does the distress call "mayday" have anything to do with the May Day holiday?
Your theory, though intriguing, is very incorrect, I am sorry to say. The two terms don't have anything to do with each other. "Mayday" was coined in 1923 by Frederick Mockford, an airport radio officer in London. It sounds like a French term for "come and help me," which is why he went with it. May Day the holiday, however, has roots in ancient Celtic and Roman festivals welcoming the arrival of spring.
Asked in Narcissism
What is a narcissist?
While the term "narcissist" is often used generally to refer to a person who's overly self-centered, it can also refer to someone with narcissistic personality disorder, which is primarily characterized by: A pattern of arrogance and grandiosity An excessive need for admiration and praise A lack of empathy or consideration for others Other symptoms include a preoccupation with unlimited success and belief that they are special, unique, and important, and a feeling that they can only be understood by others who share these perceived traits. They are extremely sensitive to criticism. A narcissist may exaggerate or outright lie about their accomplishments and talents and believe they are unequivocally superior to everyone else. They exist in a fantasy world built to hide their feelings of shame and insecurity. They feel entitled to special treatment and expect others to cater to their every whim, and those who don’t are met with rage, bullying, and contempt.
Asked by Armand Stiedemann in Dogs
Does my dog know I'm not a dog?
Yeah, he does. Dogs are really good at sniffing out other dogs, and they can tell by scent that you are not one. There's also evidence that dogs can clearly differentiate who's a dog and who's not by sight, so there's really no evidence that your dog thinks you're just a big dog. However, that doesn't mean he sees you as an alien. There's good evidence that your dog thinks of you like a protector—one study found that dogs are more willing to interact with an unfamiliar environment if their owners were there, exhibiting behavior very similar to how young children act with their parents. So your dog knows you're not a dog, but they still see you as family, and that's pretty sweet.
Asked in Lipstick and Lipgloss, Movies
What color lipstick did silent movie stars wear?
I know it looks really dark in black and white, like they're wearing the most goth shade of blackish purple, but that's just movie magic. The earliest silent movies were made with a type of film that was sensitive to blue, meaning it showed up very lightly and reds showed up very darkly. The actual lipstick color depended on the actress and the scene, but it was mostly shades of red applied very lightly—and as mentioned, it was still dark on-screen.
Asked by Nedra O'Kon in Al Pacino, Actors & Actresses
Did Al Pacino go by Sonny Scott?
No, but he almost did. He cites a stigma around ethnic last names in the film industry as the reason why: "In the old days, in America, when you had an ethnic name, you changed it. ...It was unthinkable to have a name that ended in a vowel.” “I was acting when I was very young, and so they said, 'Well you're going into acting, you've got to change your name.' So I thought, 'Sonny Scott'.” In his youth, Pacino’s nickname was Sonny. He eventually got into New York’s prestigious Actors Studio, where his acting coach, Lee Strasberg, was his first teacher to pronounce “Pacino” correctly. He eventually embraced his name, and he’s said that he’s grateful he did.
Asked by Buddy Pacocha in Arbor Day, YouTube
Did Team Trees meet their goal?
Team Trees, the initiative to raise $20 million to go toward planting trees started by YouTuber MrBeast, is actually still active. Even though they're not actively campaigning anymore, the website is still up, and they're still taking donations to be forwarded on to the Arbor Day Foundation. They hit their goal in December 2019, and the current total is upwards of $21.8 million. The Arbor Day foundation has a detailed list of where those trees are going (they partner with sites all over the world) and when they'll be planted. They plan on planting all 20 million of those trees by December 2022.
Asked by Aisha Wiza in Taylor Swift, Music
Did Taylor Swift release a new album?
There's no Taylor Swift album newer than 2019's Lover, but her old record label, Big Machine, recently released a live performance of hers from 2008 as if it's a new thing. Swift is having none of it, though, posting to her Instagram story that she does not approve of the release, calling it greedy and "so tasteless, but very transparent." Swift was signed to Big Machine for her first six albums, and after her contract was up in 2018, they didn't give her the opportunity to buy the master recordings of those albums. So, she left and signed with Republic Records. Things between her and her former label got contentious in June 2019, when Big Machine was sold to Scooter Braun. Swift doesn’t trust Braun with her discography for a ton of reasons—too many to list here—but suffice it to say that they have a lot of Bad Blood, if you will. This "new" album is just the latest in their long history of disagreements.